Resources

For resources that are available online, you may download a PDF (you will need Acrobat Reader) or follow the access link. For other resources, an email link is provided to request the publication. The publications are shown in reverse chronological order.
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Research Articles and Reviews:

Yang YT, Kozhimannil KB, Snowden JM. Pharmacist-prescribed birth control in Oregon and other states. JAMA. 2016 Apr; 315(15)1567-8.
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Rafie S, Kelly S, Gray EK, Wong M, Gibbs S, Harper CC. Provider opinions regarding expanding access to hormonal contraception in pharmacies. Womens Health Issues. 2015 Nov; doi: 10.1016/j.whi.2015.09.006. [Epub ahead of print]
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Grossman D. Over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives. Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America. 2015 Dec; 42(4):619-29.
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Grossman D. The potential impact of over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives to reduce unintended pregnancy. American Family Physician. 2015 Dec; 92(11):968-9.
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Barot S. Moving oral contraceptives to over-the-counter status: Policy versus politics. Guttmacher Policy Review. 2015; 18(4).
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Baum S, Burns B, Davis L, Yeung M, Scott C, Grindlay K, Grossman D. Perspectives among a diverse sample of women on the possibility of obtaining oral contraceptives over the counter: A qualitative study. Women’s Health Issues. 2015; In press: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2015.08.007.
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Collaborative Group on Epidemiological Studies on Endometrial Cancer. Endometrial cancer and oral contraceptives: an individual participant meta-analysis of 27,276 women with endometrial cancer from 36 epidemiological studies. The Lancet. 2015; doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(15)00212-0.

Manski R, Kottke M. A survey of teenagers’ attitudes toward moving oral contraceptives over the counter. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2015; 47(3):TK–TK, doi: 10.1363/47e3215.

Foster DG, Biggs MA, Phillips KA, Grindlay K, Grossman D. Potential public sector cost-savings from over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives. Contraception. 2015;91(5):373-9.
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Grindlay K, Grossman D. Women’s perspectives on age restrictions for over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives. J Adolescent Health. 2015;56(1):38-43.
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Wahlin B, Grindlay K, Grossman D. Should oral contraceptives be available over the counter? Food and Drug Policy Forum. March 2014;4(3).
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Grindlay K, Foster DG, Grossman D. Attitudes toward over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives among a sample of abortion clients in the United States. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2014;46(2):83-9.
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Xu H, Eisenberg DL, Madden T, Secura GM, Peipert JF. Medical contraindications in women seeking combined hormonal contraception. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014 Mar;210(3):210.e1-5.
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Grossman D, Fuentes L. Over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives as a reproductive healthcare strategy. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol. 2013;25(6):500-5.
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Grimes DA, Lopez LM, O’Brien PA, Raymond EG. Progestin-only pills for contraception. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013; 11:CD007541.

Grossman D. Should women have over-the-counter access to oral contraceptive pills? Expert Review of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2013;8(5):389-91.
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McIntosh J, Wahlin B, Grindlay K, Batchelder M, Grossman D. Insurance and access implications of an over-the-counter switch for a progestin-only pill. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2013;45(3):164-9.
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Havrilesky LJ, Moorman PG, Lowery WJ, et al. Oral contraceptive pills as primary prevention for ovarian cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Obstet Gynecol. 2013;122(1):139-47.

Brahmi D, Curtis KM. When can a woman start combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs)?: A systematic review. Contraception. 2013;87(5):524-38.

Steenland MW, Rodriguez MI, Marchbanks PA, Curtis KM. How does the number of oral contraceptive pill packs dispensed or prescribed affect continuation and other measures of consistent and correct use? A systematic review. Contraception. 2013;87(5):605-10.

Steenland MW, Zapata LB, Brahmi D, Marchbanks PA, Curtis KM. Appropriate follow up to detect potential adverse events after initiation of select contraceptive methods: A systematic review. Contraception. 2013;87(5):611-24.

Steenland MW, Zapata LB, Brahmi D, Marchbanks PA, Curtis KM. The effect of follow-up visits or contacts after contraceptive initiation on method continuation and correct use. Contraception. 2013;87(5):625-30.

Tepper NK, Curtis KM, Steenland MW, Marchbanks PA. Blood pressure measurement prior to initiating hormonal contraception: A systematic review. Contraception. 2013;87(5):631-38.

Tepper NK, Steenland MW, Marchbanks PA, Curtis KM. Laboratory screening prior to initiating contraception: A systematic review. Contraception. 2013;87(5):645-49.

Tepper NK, Curtis KM, Steenland MW, Marchbanks PA. Physical examination prior to initiating hormonal contraception: A systematic review. Contraception. 2013;87(5):650-54.

Grindlay K, Burns B, Grossman D. Prescription requirements and over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives: A global review. Contraception. 2013;88(1):91-6.
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Zapata LB, Steenland MW, Brahmi D, Marchbanks PA, Curtis KM. Patient understanding of oral contraceptive pill instructions related to missed pills: A systematic review. Contraception. 2013;87(5):674-84.

Grossman D, Grindlay K, Li R, Potter JE, Trussell J, Blanchard K. Interest in over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives among women in the United States. Contraception. 2013;88(4):544-52.

Bitzer J. Statement on combined hormonal contraceptives containing third- or fourth-generation progestogens or cyproterone acetate, and the associated risk of thromboembolism. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2013;18(3):143-47.

Shapiro S. Combined hormonal contraceptives and the risk of venous and arterial thromboembolism and cardiovascular death: misuse of automated databases. J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care. 2013;39(2):89-96.

Grossman D. Moving oral contraceptives over-the-counter as a strategy to reduce unintended pregnancy. Ann Intern Med. 2013;158(11):839-40.
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Rafie S, McIntosh J, Gardner DK, Gawronski KM, Karaoui LR, Koepf ER, Lehman KJ, McBane S, Patel-Shori NM. Over-the-counter access to emergency contraception without age restriction: An opinion of the women’s health practice and research network of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy. Pharmacotherapy. 2013;33(5):549-57.

Tepper NK, Curtis KM, Steenland MW, Marchbanks PA. Physical examination prior to initiating hormonal contraception: A systematic review. Contraception. 2013;87(5):650-54.

Parsons J, Adams C, Aziz N, Holmes J, Jawad R, Whittlesea C. Evaluation of a community pharmacy delivered oral contraception service. J Fam Plann Reprod Health Care. 2013;39(2):97-101.

Schwarz EB, Burch EJ, Parisi SM, Tebb KP, Grossman D, Mehrotra A, et al. Computer-assisted provision of hormonal contraception in acute care settings. Contraception. 2013;87(2):242-250.

Rafie S, Haycock M, Rafie S, Yen S, Harper CC. Direct pharmacy access to hormonal contraception: California physician and advanced practice clinician views. Contraception. 2012;86(6):687-93.

Zhu H, Lei X, Feng J, Wang Y. Oral contraceptive use and risk of breast cancer: A meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2012;17(6):402-14.

Howard D, Wall J, Strickland J. Physician attitudes toward over the counter availability for oral contraceptives. Matern Child Health J. 2013;17(10):1737-43.
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Egan KR, Gleason CE. Longer duration of hormonal contraceptive use predicts better cognitive outcomes later in life. J Womens Health. 2012;21(12):1259-66.

Lessard LN, Karasek D, Ma S, Darney P, Deardorff J, Lahiff M, Grossman D, Foster DG. Contraceptive features preferred by women at high risk of unintended pregnancy. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2012;44(3):194-200.
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Warholm L, Petersen KR, Ravn P.. Combined oral contraceptives’ influence on weight, body composition, height, and bone mineral density in girls younger than 18 years: a systematic review. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2012;17(4):245-53.

Liang S-Y, Grossman D, Phillips K. User characteristics and out-of-pocket expenditures for progestin-only versus combined oral contraceptives. Contraception. 2012;86(6):666-72.
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Mantha S, Karp R, Raghavan V, Terrin N, Bauer KA, Zwicker JI. Assessing the risk of venous thromboembolic events in women taking progestin-only contraception: a meta-analysis. BMJ. 2012 August 7;345:e4944.
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Petitti DB. Hormonal contraceptives and arterial thrombosis — Not risk-free but safe enough (editorial). NEJM. 2012;366(24):2316-8.

Lidegaard Ø, Løkkegaard E, Jensen A, Skovlund CW, Keiding N. Thrombotic stroke and myocardial infarction with hormonal contraception. NEJM. 2012;366(24):2257-66.

Dennis A, Grossman D. Barriers to contraception and interest in over-the-counter access among low-income women: A qualitative study. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2012 June;44(2).
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Hopkins K, Grossman D, White K, Amastae J, Potter JE. Reproductive health preventive screening among clinic vs. over-the-counter oral contraceptive users. Contraception. 2012 Oct;86(4):376-82.
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Wilkinson TA, Fahey N, Shields C, Suther E, Cabral HJ, Silverstein M. Pharmacy communication to adolescents and their physicians regarding access to emergency contraception. Pediatrics. 2012;129(4).

White K, Potter JE, Hopkins K, Fernández L, Amastae J, Grossman D. Contraindications to progestin-only oral contraceptive pills among reproductive-aged women. Contraception. 2012 Sep;86(3):199-203.
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Rafie S, El-Ibiary SY. Student pharmacist perspectives on providing pharmacy-access hormonal contraception services. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2011;51(6):762-65.

Grossman D. Over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives. Expert Rev Obstet Gynecol. 2011;6(5):501-8.
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White KO, Westhoff C. The effect of pack supply on oral contraceptive pill continuation: A randomized controlled trial. Obstet Gynecol. 2011;118(3):615-22.

Chakhtoura Z, Canonico M, Gompel A, et al. Progestogen-only contraceptives and the risk of acute myocardial infarction: A meta-analysis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2011;96(4):1169-74.

Foster DG, Hulett D, Bradsberry M, et al. Number of oral contraceptive pill packages dispensed and subsequent unintended pregnancies. Obstet Gynecol. 2011;117:566-72.
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Grimes DA, Schulz KF. Nonspecific side effects of oral contraceptives: nocebo or noise? Contraception. 2011;83:5-9.

Grossman D, White K, Hopkins K, et al. Contraindications to combined oral contraceptives among over-the-counter compared with prescription users. Obstet Gynecol. 2011;117:558-65.
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Liang S-Y, Grossman D, Phillips KA. Women’s out-of-pocket expenditures and dispensing patterns for oral contraceptive pills between 1996 and 2006. Contraception. 2011;83(6):528-36.
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McIntosh J, Rafie S, Wasik M, McBane S, Lodise NM, El-Ibiary SY, et al. Changing oral contraceptives from prescription to over-the-counter status: An opinion statement of the Women’s Health Practice and Research Network of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy. Pharmacotherapy. 2011 Apr;31(4):424-37.
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Potter JE, McKinnon S, Hopkins K, Amastae J, Shedlin MG, Powers DA, Grossman D. Continuation of prescribed compared with over-the-counter oral contraceptives. Obstet Gynecol. 2011;117:551-7.
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Westhoff CL, Jones HE, Guiahi M. Do new guidelines and technology make the routine pelvic examination obsolete? J Womens Health. 2011;20(1):5-10.

Wise A, O’Brien K, Woodruff T. Are oral contraceptives a significant contributor to the estrogenicity of drinking water? Environ. Sci. Technol. 2011;45(1):51–60
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Grossman D, Fernández L, Hopkins K, Amastae J, Potter JE. Perceptions of the safety of oral contraceptives among a predominantly Latina population in Texas. Contraception. 2010 Mar;81:254–60.
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Hannaford PC, Iversen L, Macfarlane TV, Elliott AM, Angus V, Lee AJ. Mortality among contraceptive pill users: cohort evidence from Royal College of General Practitioners’ Oral Contraceptive Study. BMJ. 2010 Mar;340:c927.
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Henderson JT, Sawaya GF, Blum M, Stratton L, Harper CC. Pelvic examinations and access to oral hormonal contraception. Obstet Gynecol. 2010;116(6):1257-64.

Potter JE, White K, Hopkins K, Amastae J, Grossman D. Clinic versus over-the-counter access to oral contraception: choices women make along the US-Mexico border. Am J Public Health. 2010 Jun;100(6):1130-6.
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Fitzpatrick M. Caveat emptor. Br J Gen Pract. 2009;59(560):217.
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Grossman D, Jarvis S. Should the contraceptive pill be available without prescription? BMJ. 2009;338:202-3.
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Landau S, Besinque K, Chung F, Dries-Daffner I, Maderas NM, Taylor-McGhee B, et al. Pharmacist interest in and attitudes toward direct pharmacy access to hormonal contraception in the United States. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2009 Jan-Feb;49(1):43-50.
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Krishnamurti T, Eggers SL, Fischhoff B. The impact of over-the-counter availability of “Plan B” on teens’ contraceptive decision making. Soc Sci Med. 2008 Aug;67(4):618-27.

Barot S. Making the case for a ‘contraceptive convenience’ agenda. Guttmacher Policy Review. 2008;11(4):11-6.
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Gardner JS, Miller L, Downing DF, Le S, Blough D, Shotorbani S. Pharmacist prescribing of hormonal contraceptives: results of the Direct Access study. J Am Pharm Assoc. 2008 Mar-Apr;48(2):212-21; 5 p following 21.

Grossman D, Cackovic M, Paidas M. Viewpoints: Should oral contraceptives be sold over?the?counter? Contemporary Ob/Gyn. 2008 Sep:63-74.
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Grossman D, Fernandez L, Hopkins K, Amastae J, Garcia SG, Potter JE. Accuracy of self?screening for contraindications to combined oral contraceptive use. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Sep;112(3):572-8.
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Kishen M, Guthrie K, Robinson C, Dewart P, Elliman A. Over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives. Lancet. 2008 May 17;371:1663.

Nelson AL, Westhoff C, Schnare SM. Real-world patterns of prescription refills for branded hormonal contraceptives: a reflection of contraceptive discontinuation. Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Oct;112(4):782-7.

Shiffman S, Sweeney CT. Ten years after the Rx-to-OTC switch of nicotine replacement therapy: what have we learned about the benefits and risks of non-prescription availability? Health Policy. 2008 Apr;86(1):17-26.

Stewart DC, George J, Bond CM, Cunningham IT, Diack HL, McCaig DJ. Exploring patients’ perspectives of pharmacist supplementary prescribing in Scotland. Pharm World Sci. 2008;30:892-7.

[No authors listed]. The case for preventing ovarian cancer. Lancet. 2008 Jan 26;371(9609):275.

Shortridge E, Miller K. Contraindications to oral contraceptive use among women in the United States, 1999-2001. Contraception. 2007;75(5):355-60.

Chin-Quee DS, Cuthbertson C, Janowitz B. Over-the-counter pill provision: Evidence from Jamaica. Stud Fam Plann. 2006;37(2):99-110.

Foster DG, Parvataneni R, Thiel de Bocanegra H, Lewis C, Bradsberry M, Darney P. Number of oral contraceptive pill packages dispensed, method continuation, and costs. Obstet Gynecol. 2006;108(5):1107-14.

Grossman D, Ellertson C, Abuabara K, Blanchard K. Barriers to contraceptive use present in product labeling and practice guidelines. Am J Pub Health. 2006;96(5):791-9.
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Landau SC, Tapias MP, Taylor McGhee B. Birth control within reach: a national survey on women’s attitudes toward and interest in pharmacy access to hormonal contraception. Contraception. 2006;74:463-70.
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Shotorbani S, Miller L, Blough DK, Gardner J. Agreement between women’s and providers’ assessment of hormonal contraceptive risk factors. Contraception. 2006;73(5):501-6.

Yeatman SE, Potter JE, Grossman DA. Over-the-counter access, changing WHO guidelines, and the prevalence of contraindicated oral contraceptive use in Mexico. Stud Fam Plann. 2006; 37(3):197–204.
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Becker D, Garcia SG, Ellertson C. Do Mexico City pharmacy workers screen women for health risks when they sell oral contraceptive pills over-the-counter? Contraception . 2004;69:295-9.

Moos MK, Bartholomew NE, Lohr KN. Counseling in the clinical setting to prevent unintended pregnancy: an evidence-based research agenda. Contraception. 2003;67(2):115-32.

Mead H. Making birth control more accessible to women: a cost-benefit analysis of over-the-counter oral contraceptives. IWPR. 2001;A126:1-9.

Ratanajamit C, Chongsuvivatwong V. Survey of knowledge and practice on oral contraceptive and emergency contraceptive pills of drugstore personnel in Hat Yai, Thailand. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2001;10:149-56.

Shah MA, Shah NM, Al-Rahmani E, Behbehani J, Radovanovic Z. Over-the-counter use of oral contraceptives in Kuwait. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2001;73(3):243-51.

[No authors listed]. No over-the-counter OCs, say family planners. Contracept Technol Update. 1998 Oct;19(10):128.
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Forman SF, Emans SJ, Kelly L, Beal J, Goodman E. Attitudes of female college students toward over-the-counter availability of oral contraceptives. J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 1997;10:203-7.

Youngkin EQ, Davis MR, Kolb KW. Making oral contraceptives available over-the-counter. Nurse Pract. 1996;21:13,133-4,43-4.

Grimes DA. Over-the-counter oral contraceptives: an idea whose time has not quite come! Obstet Gynecol Surv. 1995;50(6):411-2.

Murphy P, Kirkman A, Hale RW. A national survey of women’s attitudes toward oral contraception and other forms of birth control. Womens Health Issues. 1995;5(2):94-9.

Potts M, Denny C. Safety implications of transferring the oral contraceptive from prescription-only to over-the-counter status. Drug Saf. 1995;13(6):333-7.

Halperin EC. Oral contraceptives as an over-the-counter medication. N C Med J. 1994;55(5): 183-6.

Grimes DA. Editorial: Over-the-counter oral contraceptives–an immodest proposal? Am J Pub Health. 1993;83(8):1092-4.
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Trussell J, Stewart F, Potts M, Guest F, Ellertson C. Should oral contraceptives be available without prescription? Am J Pub Health. 1993 Aug;83(8):1094-9.
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Zavala AS, Perez-Gonzales M, Miller P, Welsh M, Wilkens LR, Potts M. Reproductive risks in a community-based distribution program of oral contraceptives, Matamoros, Mexico. Stud Fam Plann. 1987 Sep-Oct;18(5):284-90.

Measham AR. Self-prescription of oral contraceptives in Bogota, Colombia. Contraception. 1976;13:333-40.

Atkinson L, Castadot R, Cuadros A, Rosenfield AG. Oral contraceptives: Considerations of safety in nonclinical distribution. Stud Fam Plann. 1974;5:242-9.

Black TR. Oral contraceptive prescription requirements and commercial availability in 45 developing countries. Stud Fam Plann. 1974;5:250-4.

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News Articles and Commentary:

Brown K. There’s finally an Uber for birth control. Fusion. 2016 January 19.
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Nolan Brown E.. Tennessee latest state to consider over-the-counter birth control. Reason. 2016 January 14.
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Singer J. Women should not have to visit a doctor for birth control. Time. 2016 January 14.
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Heiser C. Here’s what gynecologists think about ‘over-the-counter’ birth control pills. Women’s Health. 2016 January 11.
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Geggel L. It’s now a whole lot easier for women in Oregon to get birth control. Huffington Post. 2016 January 6.
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Almendrala A. What you need to know about ‘over-the-counter’ birth control pills. The Huffington Post. 2016 January 6.
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Rojas Weiss S. Oregon & California move towards prescription-free birth control access. Refinery 29. 2016 January 5.
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Belluck P. Birth control without seeing a doctor: Oregon now, more states later. The New York Times. 2016 January 4.
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Chan M. Oregon women can now buy over-the-counter birth control. Time. 2016 January 4.
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Dwyer K. You can now get birth control over the counter in Oregon. Teen Vogue. 2016 January 4.
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Moore A. Over-the-counter birth control for California could be just a few months away. CBS Sacramento. 2016 January 4.
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Over-the-counter birth control available in Oregon, California to follow. ABC News. 2016 January 4.
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Frazier A, KOIN 6 News Staff. Pharmacist-prescribed birth control in effect Jan 1. KOIN. 2015 December 30.
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Charlotte A. Why over-the-counter birth control is stalled. Time. 2015 December 23.
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Oyler L. Two states will let women get birth control without a doctor in 2016. Broadly. 2015 December 22.
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Kutner J. This awesome service will literally deliver birth control pills right to your door. Mic. 2015 December 21.
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Rehm D. Pharmacists prescribing birth control and what it means for wider access to the Pill. The Diane Rehm Show. 2015 December 21.
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Kapp D. Every Jane needs one: The battle to take the birth control pill over the counter. The California Sunday Magazine. 2015 December 6.
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Munneke A. Missouri lawmaker wants to make it easier to get birth control. KOMU. 2015 December 2.
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The Register’s Editorial. Editorial: Make the pill available over the counter. The Des Moines Register. 2015 December 2.
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Diep F. Should birth control get a fast track through the FDA? Pacific Standard. 2015 November 30.
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Martinez L. Birth control has been allowed to be prescribed by pharmacists in Oregon and California. Regal Tribune. 2015 November 23.
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Newberry J. New law will provide access to contraceptive without doctor visit. BABW News. 2015 November 23.
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Paoletta R. California and Oregon are making birth control more accessible than ever. MTV. 2015 November 23.
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Rodefer M. California, Oregon to make birth control even more accessible. Youth Independent. 2015 November 23.
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Sifferlin A. Pharmacists in California and Oregon to prescribe birth control. Time. 2015 November 23.
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Belluck P, Tavernise S. States lead effort to let pharmacists prescribe birth control. The New York Times. 2015 November 22.
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Edwards S. Women in California and Oregon will be able to get birth control directly from pharmacists. Jezebel. 2015 November 22.
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Mahoney A. California and Oregon to allow pharmacists to prescribe birth control. Law Street Media. 2015 November 22.
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Strong B. Two states will allow pharmacists to prescribe birth control. Youth Health Magazine. 2015 November 22.
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Leonard K. What you don’t know about your Obamacare coverage US News and World Report. 2015 November 19.
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Staff Editor. Making the pill available OTC. Health News Digest. 2015 November 17.
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[No author listed]. Making the pill available over the counter should be part of broader strategy to enhance contraceptive access. eNews Park Forest. 2015 November 17.
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Floyd D. Could over-the-counter birth control boost drug makers? Nasdaq. 2015 August 17.
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Wang A. It’s official: Birth control pills prevent endometrial cancer. Slate. 2015 August 4.
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McCarthy K. Six reasons why birth control should be more accessible in the United States. The Huffington Post. 2015 July 28.
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Schachar N. Birth control will be available to women over the counter in Oregon. Los Angeles Times. 2015 July 18.
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Almendrala A. Getting birth control will be easier than ever in these two states. The Huffington Post. 2015 July 15.
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Tavernise S. After health care act, sharp drop in spending on birth control. The New York Times. 2015 July 7.
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Gunter J. Yes, the over-the-counter pill is safe. The Daily Beast. 2015 July 2.
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Grossman D. Op-Ed: Birth control pills should not be prescription-only. Los Angeles Times. 2015 June 19.
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Paquette D. Why Republicans are pushing for over-the-counter birth control. Washington Post. 2015 June 15.
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Zukic R. Senate bill renews debate over expanded access to contraception. PBS. 2015 June 14.
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The LA Times Editorial Board. Affordability is key to access to contraception. The Los Angeles Times. 2015 June 14.
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Kutner J. OB-GYN Kathleen Morrell explains the benefits of laws allowing women to get birth control over-the-counter. Salon. 2015 June 13.
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Marcotte A. Will Republican noises about over-the-counter birth control inadvertently make it happen? RH Reality Check. 2015 June 11.
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Salzman J. Democrats’ birth-control bill spotlights Gardner’s broken campaign promise. The Huffington Post. 2015 June 10.
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Harrop K. New bill would drastically change the way women get birth control. Think Progress. 2015 June 10.
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Murray P. Senator Murray: Don’t ‘pay twice’ for your birth control. Refinery 29. 2015 June 10.
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Leonard K. On Capitol Hill, a push to make the pill over the counter. US News and World Report. 2015 June 9.
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Liebelson D. Best news: You might be able to get your birth control pill over the counter soon. Marie Claire. 2015 June 9.
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Cheung K. 11 questions about women’s rights every presidential candidate needs to answer to succeed in the primaries. Bustle. 2015 June 9.
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Taylor M. Bill proposed to offer birth control pills over the counter. Al Jazeera. 2015 June 9.
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Sanoff R. California gets one big step closer to over-the-counter birth control, plus 5 countries that have easy access to oral contraceptives. Bustle. 2015 June 9.
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Kliff J. Wish you could get birth control pills without a doctor’s visit? California is making it happen. Vox. 2015 June 8.
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Valenti J. Birth control pills should be as easy to buy as condoms. The Guardian. 2015 June 8.
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Dembosky A. California women can soon go right to the pharmacist for birth control. NPR.
2015 June 5.
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Costa CD. Why all birth control pills should be OTC. The Cheat Sheet. 2015 May 11.
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Statesman Journal Editorial Board. Let Oregon pharmacists prescribe birth control. Statesman Journal. 2015 April 27.
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The Oregonian Editorial Board. Knute Buehler’s common-sense contraception proposal: Editorial agenda 2015. The Oregonian. 2015 April 21.
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Brown EN. Birth control pills could be available without a doctor’s prescription in Oregon. Reason.com. 2015 April 17.
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Kozak K. Health beat: Why do we still need a prescription for birth control pills? Civil Beat. 2015 March 26.
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National Partnership for Women & Families. OTC oral contraception access with little or no copay could increase use, curb unintended pregnancy. National Partnership for Women & Families. 2015 March 26.
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Fawcett K. The future of birth control for women. U.S. News and World Report. 2015 March 19.
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National Partnership for Women & Families. Time to move ‘forward –not backward–on women’s health,’ op-ed states. National Partnership for Women & Families. 2015 March 17.
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Women Help Women. Partner news: Free the Pill. Women Help Women. March 2015.
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Doyle K. ‘Over the counter’ birth control pills might save public money. Reuters. 2015 March 4.
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CBS 2 Iowa. OTC birth control debate. CBS 2 Iowa. 2015 March 3.
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Uffalussy JG. What if birth control was available on drugstore shelves? Yahoo! 2015 March 2.
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Zaragovia V. Over-the-counter birth control could reduce unintended pregnancies, research says. KUT.org. 2015 March 2.
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Barbato L. Over-the-counter birth control could be huge for women–with one exception. Bustle. 2015 February 28.
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Bassett L. Over-the-counter birth control may be a game-changer. The Huffington Post. 2015 February 27.
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Ferris S. Over-the-counter birth control could reduce unplanned pregnancies by one-quarter. The Hill. 2015 February 27.
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The Inquisitr. Over-the-counter birth control pills could decrease unplanned pregnancies by 25 percent. The Inquisitr. 2015 February 27.
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Marcotte A. Republicans dropped that whole over-the-counter birth control thing really quickly. RH Reality Check. 2015 February 11.
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Munro Prescott H. New website promotes over-the-counter birth control pills. Philly.com. 2015 January 27.
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Akoukou Thompson N. Birth control is essential to a woman’s economic security, yet barriers persist for non-white, low income women. Latin Post. 2015 January 6.
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Barbato L. Everything changed for birth control in the United States in 2014. Bustle. 2015 January 3.
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National Partnership for Women and Families. Reproductive health group launches website promoting OTC birth control pills. National Partnership for Women and Families. 2014 December 17.
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Gandal-Powers M. We’ve all be there, and an over-the-counter pill should be there for us. National Women’s Law Center. 2014 December 15.
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Talbot M. The pill’s difficult birth. The New Yorker. 2014 November 11.
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Leber R. It’s astounding that we’re still debating the pill after 50 years. New Republic. 2014 October 12.
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Burke M. Why does the pill require a prescription in the US? WHIO.com. 2014 October 10.
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Jennings JC and Cullins V. Planned Parenthood supports over-the-counter birth control, but only alongside Obamacare’s contraceptive mandate. Forbes. 2014 October 10.
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Lachman S. GOP candidate comes up with a new, misleading Obamacare claim. The Huffington Post. 2014 October 9.
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Marty R. 10 things every woman should know about over-the-counter birth control. Cosmopolitan. 2014 October 9.
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Guerrero C. If buying condoms was like buying birth control. Buzzfeed. 2014 October 3.
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Altman A. Why are Republicans in favor of over-the-counter birth control? The New York Times. 2014 September 29.
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Hernandez E and Bartels L. Experts: Unclear whether Garnder’s OTC contraception plan saves money. The Denver Post. 2014 September 26.
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Jennings JC. Where OB-GYNs stand on over the counter birth control. The Baltimore Sun. 2014 September 24.
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Ollstein A and Peck A. Virginia candidate who backed forced ultrasound law tries to win back women voters. Think Progress. 2014 September 24.
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Libby S. The weird bipartisan consensus on over-the-counter birth control. The Atlantic. 2014 September 23.
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The Washington Post Editorial Board. Over-the-counter availability of ‘the pill’ wouldn’t be a panacea. The Washington Post. 2014 September 21.
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Khazan O. Birth control without a prescription. The Atlantic. 2014 September 19.
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Payne D. Politicians want you to depend on them for birth control. The Federalist. 2014 September 18.
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Petersen K. An over-the-counter birth control fight. BBC News. 2014 September 18.
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Culp-Ressler T. 4 other policies that Republicans calling for over-the-counter birth control could endorse. Think Progress. 2014 September 12.
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Kritz F. What if drugstores sold birth control without a prescription? What to Expect. 2014 September 12.
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Liasson M. Changing tack, GOP candidates support better access to birth control. NPR. 2014 September 12.
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National Partnership for Women & Families. Women’s health groups respond to conservatives’ claims on over-the-counter birth control. National Partnership for Women & Families. 2014 September 11.
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Andrews N. The short answer: Why some Republicans back over-the-counter contraceptives. The Wall Street Journal. 2014 September 10.
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Burton TM and Andrews N. New discord brews on over-the-counter contraceptives: Some medical groups back the idea despite objections from women’s health advocates. The Wall Street Journal. 2014 September 10.
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Rovner J. Women’s groups challenge GOP candidates on OTC birth control. Kaiser Health News. 2014 September 10.
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Sonfield A and Barot S. Birth control pills should be available over the counter, but that’s no substitute for contraceptive coverage. Health Affairs. 2014 September 10.
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The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. ACOG statement on OTC access to contraception. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. 2014 September 9.
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Drum K. Should liberals support OTC access to oral contraceptives? Mother Jones. 2014 September 9.
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Eshikena M. Prescription to over-the-counter switch: A case study in oral contraceptives. Voices in Bioethics. 2014 September 9.
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Richards C. Don’t fall for birth control plan that would push women back to 1950s. CNN. 2014 September 9.
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McMorris-Santoro E. Why Republicans aren’t making new friends with their call for better contraceptive access. Buzzfeed. 2014 September 9.
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Butcher L. Tillis’ over-the-counter birth control plan would not increase access to contraceptives. The Carolina Mercury. 2014 September 8.
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Contorno S. Cory Gardner says his plan for contraceptives, namely the pill, is cheaper than Mark Udall’s. PolitiFact.com. 2014 September 8.
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Miller ZJ. Republicans can’t stop talking about over-the-counter birth control. Time. 2014 September 8.
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Brown EN. Over-the-counter birth control garners more Republican support. Reason.com. 2014 September 5.
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Shen A. Why Republicans are embracing over-the-counter birth control. Think Progress. 2014 September 5.
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Decker C. New Republican pitch to female voters: Over-the-counter birth control. The Los Angeles Times. 2014 September 4.
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Hughes J. Over-the-counter contraceptives gaining Republican support. CBS News. 2014 September 4.
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Bassett L. Planned Parenthood dismisses ‘cynical’ GOP birth control proposal. The Huffington Post. 2014 September 2.
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Richardson V. Gardner leapfrogs Udall on ‘war on women’ with ad calling for over-the-counter pill. The Washington Times. 2014 September 2.
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Somashekhar S. GOP Senate hopefuls favor over-the-counter birth control. The Washington Post. 2014 September 2.
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Villacorta N. Calls for over-the-counter birth control hit the campaign trail. POLITICO Pro. 2014 September 2.

Shepeard C. GOP senate candidates propose over-the-counter oral contraceptitves. Care2. 2014 August 21.
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Viebeck E. GOP’s birth control gamble. The Hill. 2014 August 18.
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Sherry A. McFadden says oral contraception should be available over the counter. Star Tribune. 2014 August 9.
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Harwood J. Democrats seize on social issues as attitudes shift. The New York Times. 2014 August 4.
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Blanchard K, Grossman D, and Wahlin B. The real way to improve contraceptive access. The Hill. 2014 July 30.
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Brown EN. State Republicans’ birth control bill could pave the way for over-the-counter contraception. Reason.com. 2014 July 16.
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Linebarger C. A simple and commonsense response to the Democrats’ push on contraception. Examiner.com. 2014 July 10.
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Harris C. Make birth control over the counter. The Houstonian. 2014 July 9.
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Tan T. Make birth control pills available over the counter. The Seattle Times. 2014 July 3.
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Wechsler J. Will the Supreme Court spur OTC contraceptive development? PharmExec.com. 2014 July 2.
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Domenech B. OTC birth control: Your body, your choice, your responsibility. The Federalist. 2014 July 1.
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Tarico V. Bring it on: Universally available OTC oral contraceptives would be a game changer. Sightline Daily. 2014 June 30.
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McIntyre A. Seven reasons birth control pills shouldn’t require a prescription. Vox. 2014 June 30.
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Gardner C. Opinion: Women should be able to buy the pill without a prescription. Denver Post. 2014 June 19.
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Wolfe S. The 8 most surprising nations that still require a prescription for birth control. GlobalPost. 2014 April 8.
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Brown EN. Over-the-counter birth control pills? Not in America. Reason.com. 2014 March 26.
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Potts M. Oral contraceptives should be in vending machines and cigarettes on prescription. The Berkeley Blog. 2013 September 13.
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Gyno Gab. Over the counter contraceptive pill availability. Gyno Gab. 2013 July 7.
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Chapman S. Birth control without permission. Chicago Tribune. 2013 June 15.
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Pittman G. The pill tied to lower ovarian cancer risk. Reuters. 2013 June 6.
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Raymond E and Grossman D. Dealing with Breast Cancer. New York Times. 2013 June 3.
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The Inquisitr. Women back over-the-counter birth control pill. The Inquisitr. 2013 May 27.
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Goldman A. Do you think the pill should be available OTC? Women’sHealth. 2013 May 7.
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Marcotte A. Time to demand all birth control pills be sold over-the-counter. RH Reality Check. 2013 May 5.
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Melchior JK. Deregulate birth control. National Review Online. 2013 May 4.
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Gonchar M. Should birth control pills be available to teenage girls with a prescription? The New York Times. 2013 May 3.
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Varughese A. Survey says two-thirds of women approve over-the-counter birth control pills. Medical Daily. 2013 May 2.
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Culp-Ressler T. Most U.S. women want birth control pills to be available over the counter. ThinkProgress. 2013 May 2.
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Pittman G. Most women back over-the-counter birth control pill. Reuters. 2013 May 2.
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Wahlin B. Why birth control needs to be both over the counter and on your insurance plan. ThinkProgress. 2013 April 30.
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Brody JE. Questioning the pelvic exam. New York Times. 2013 April 29.
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Laube DW. Birth control in drugstores. New York Times. 2013 April 23.
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Hess A. Put the pill on drugstore shelves. Pregnancy is more dangerous than birth control. Slate. 2013 April 23.
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Stoeffel K. Why isn’t the pill available over the counter? New York Magazine. 2013 April 22.
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Jill. Should birth control pills be available without a prescription? Feministe. 2013 April 22.
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The Daily Beast. Should birth control pills be available over-the-counter? The Daily Beast. 2013 April 21.
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Rosenthal E. Is it time for off-the-shelf birth-control pills? New York Times. 2013 April 20.
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Hill M. Calls for pill to be over the counter. Stuff.co.nz. 2013 February 10.
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Culp-Ressler T. Unlike the U.S., most countries offer birth control pills over the counter. ThinkProgress. 2013 January 2.
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Grens K. Most countries offer the Pill over-the-counter. Reuters. 2013 January 2.
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Isger S. Over-the-counter birth control pills poses advantages, risks, doctors say. The Palm Beach Post. 2012 December 26.
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Jindal B. The end of birth-control politics. The Wall Street Journal. 2012 December 13.
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Schiff D. Physician group support boosts OTC contraception chances. The Tan Sheet. 2012 December 3.
Click here to access article
Click here to link to The Tan Sheet website

USA Today Editorial Board. Editorial: Birth control pill proposal not easy to take. USA Today. 2012 November 28.
Click here to access

Breeden J. Opposing view: Make the pill more accessible. USA Today. 2012 November 28.
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Wilson J. Physicians: Birth control should be sold without a prescription. CNN. 2012 November 21.
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Phillips-Chou L. Make ‘the pill’ over-the-counter, doctors say. ABC News. 2012 November 21.
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Painter K. OB-GYN group: Birth control pill should be on shelves. USA Today. 2012 November 21.
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Neergaard L. OB/GYNs call for OTC oral contraceptives. Philadelphia Inquirer. 2012 November 21.
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Silverman E. Should birth control pills be sold over the counter? Pharmalot. 2012 November 21.
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Neergaard L. OB/GYNs back over-the-counter birth control pills. Associated Press. 2012 November 20.
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Quijano E. Doctors call for birth control to be sold over the counter. CBS Evening News. 2012 November 20.
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Jaslow R. OB/GYN society says birth control pill should be sold over-the-counter. CBS News. 2012 November 20.
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Neergaard L. Over-the-counter birth control pills backed by The American College Of Obstetricians And Gynecologists. Huffington Post. 2012 November 20.
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Evans H. Docs: Make the pill available over the counter to improve access. New York Daily News. 2012 November 20.
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Brazil K. Leading OB-GYN group endorses greater contraceptive access. Washington Times. 2012 November 20.
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Rettner R. Birth control pills shouldn’t need prescription, docs say. NBC News. 2012 November 20.
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Grens K. Ob-gynecologists endorse over-the-counter birth control. Chicago Tribune. 2012 November 20.
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Bardin J. Largest OB-GYN organization urges over-the-counter birth control. LA Times. 2012 November 20.
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Grens K. Ob-gynecologists endorse over-the-counter birth control. Reuters. 2012 November 20.
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Baker K. American College of OB/GYNs says birth control should be sold over the counter. Jezebel. 2012 November 21.
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Rubin R. Medical group: Sell the pill without prescription. Web MD. 2012 November 20.
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Zoler M. Women seeking oral contraceptives have few contraindications. Ob. Gyn. News. 2012 October 30.
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Reproductive Health Access Project. The myth of the required pelvic exam. Contraceptive Pearls. 2012 August.
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Allan N. Biggest ideas of the year 2012: Sell the pill over the counter. The Atlantic. 2012 July/August.
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Shield L. Birth control on demand, without apology, and over-the-counter! The Provider Project. 2012 May 15.
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Mencimer S. Holding birth control hostage. Mother Jones. 2012 May 2.
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[No authors listed]. Progestin-only pill eyed as OTC OC candidate. Contraceptive Technology Update. 2012 May.
Click here to access

Bates C. Girls aged 13 ‘should be given the contraceptive Pill from pharmacies without a prescription’ claims NHS report. Mail Online. 2012 April 26.
Click here to access

Praities N. Pharmacies should offer under-16s direct access to contraceptive pill, says NHS report. Pulse. 2012 April 25.
Click here to access

[No authors listed]. Widen over-the-counter pill access, says NHS report. BBC News. 2012 April 25.
Click here to access

Sabey R. ‘Girls aged just 13 should be able to get the pill without seeing a doctor’: Controversial report’s findings. The Sun. 2012 April 25.
Click here to access

Aronowitz W. ‘On minimum wage, it’s a lot of money’: Poor women talk about birth control. Good. 2012 April 5.
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Crawford E. Birth control primed for switch. The Tan Sheet. 2012 April 2; 20(14):8.
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Dawes E. Winning in Wisconsin: Changing the game with innovations in contraceptive service delivery. RH Reality Check. 2012 April 2.
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Faure S. Interview with Françoise Tourmen | Entretien avec Françoise Tourmen. Actualités Pharmaceutiques. 2012 March;(14):4-5.
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Zahriyeh E. 1 in 5 drugstores deny 17-year-olds Plan B pill: study. New York Daily News. 2012 March 27.
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Pieklo J. FDA considers over-the-counter birth control pills. Care 2 Make A Difference. 2012 March 26.
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Edney A. Doctors pressure FDA for nonprescription birth control pills. SF Gate. 2012 March 25.
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Fernández V. Uninsured immigrant women go underground for birth control pills. New America Media. 2012 March 2012.
Click here to access

Edney A. Doctors pressure FDA for nonprescription birth control pills. Bloomberg Businessweek. 2012 March 23.
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Drum K. Lots of countries don’t require prescriptions for oral contraceptives. Mother Jones. 2012 March 19.
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Reisman A. Of course birth control pills should be sold over the counter. Slate. 2012 March 19.
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[No authors listed]. Should the pill be accessible without a prescription? Bedsider. 2012 March 15.
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Drum K. Oral contraceptives ought to be prescribed in yearly quantities. Mother Jones. 2012 March 11.
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Postrel V. Fight birth-control battle over the counter. Bloomberg. 2012 March 8.
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Grindlay K and Blanchard K. Response to comments to Postrel V. article. Bloomberg. 2012 March 9.
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Yamine E. Contraceptive pill and cholesterol medication to be available over counter from July. The Daily Telegraph. 2012 March 1.
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[No authors listed]. Women’s ability to self-screen for COCs compared to a nurse’s assessment: Drug shops in rural and peri-urban Tanzania. Research Triangle Park, NC: FHI 360. 2012 February.
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Lanfranchi A. and Potts M. Should birth control pills be available over-the-counter? AirTalk. 2012 February 23.
(Podcast)
Click here to access

Potts M. A contraception game-changer. Los Angeles Times. 2012 February 20.
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Schiff D. Teva Plan B OTC application fails test after clearing FDA hurdle. The Tan Sheet. 2011 December 12; 19(50):1-3.
Download

Aschwanden C. Do birth control pills make women gain weight? Slate. 2011 August 17.
Click here to access

Inez McGuire K. !Si, se puede!? For Latinas and other uninsured women, gaps remain in access to birth control. RH Reality Check. 2011 August 05.
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Ura A. Support grows for over-the-counter BCPs. The Horn. 2011 March 25.
Click here to access

Rochman B. An argument for making birth control pills available over the counter. Time. 2011 March 1.
Click here to access

Brown R. Is it time for birth control without a prescription? Campus Progress. 2011 February 28.
Access here

Dodson WC. Perspectives: Dr. Daniel R. Mishell on articles about oral contraceptive pills. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2011 March; 117(3).
(Podcast)
Click here to access

Craig T. Catania bill seeks to provide birth control pills over the counter. Washington Post. 2011 February 15.
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Melnick M. Are doctors’ exams a barrier to birth control? Time. 2010 December 6.
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[No authors listed]. Women seeking birth control get unneeded pelvic exams. msnbc.com. 2010 November 22.
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Newsome S. Access to hormonal contraception: Is it time we considered over-the-counter status? RH Reality Check. 2010 November 11.
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[No authors listed]. No doctor required. Ottawa Citizen. 2010 September 2.
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Kirkey S. Next liberation: movement looking to make the pill available over the counter. Ottawa Citizen. 2010 August 28.
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Moore K and Thorne-Thomsen A. Pushing the boundaries for women’s health: why over-the-counter access for the pill makes sense… now.  RH Reality Check. 2010 August 10.
Click here to access

[No authors listed]. Is it time to bring OCs over the counter? Contraceptive Technology Update. 2010 July.
Download

Prescott V. The birth control battle. New Hampshire Public Radio. 2010 July 27.
Click here to access

Crawford E. Advocates for switching birth control pill face social, risk obstacles. The Tan Sheet. 2010 July 26; 18(30):1-3.
Download

Melnick M. Should the birth-control pill be sold without a prescription? Newsweek. 2010 July 7.
Click here to access

Diament S. Letter. The pill, over the counter? New York Times. 2010 June 26: A18. Print.
Click here to access

Fleck N. Letter. The pill, over the counter? New York Times. 2010 June 26: A18. Print.
Click here to access

Blanchard K. Let the pill go free. New York Times. 2010 June 22: A27. Print.
Click here to access

Brown R. The pill without a prescription? Salon.com. 2010 June 22.
Click here to access

Carmon I. What if the pill were over the counter? Jezebel. 2010 June 22.
Click here to access

Moore K. The pill at 50: don’t stop believin’. Huffington Post. 2010 May 10.
Click here to access

Potts M. The pill — a modern philosopher’s stone. Los Angeles Times. 2010 May 9.
Click here to access

Rubin R. The pill: 50 years of birth control changed women’s lives. USA Today. 2010 May 7.
Click here to access

Snell K. As the pill turns 50, family planning too costly for many. Kansas City Star. 2010 May 6.
Click here to access

Shelley S. The pill as OTC – access versus health concerns. Pharmaceutical Commerce. 2010 April 30.
Click here to access

Anekwe L. Most OTC oral contraceptives are given to new users. Pulse. 2010 March 19.
Click here to access

Martin D. Is the pill saving lives? Women who use it ‘cut their chances of dying of cancer and heart disease.’ Mail Online.2010 March 12.
Click here to access

Cullins V. Autonomy in contraceptive choice: the time has come. Collective Voices. 2009 Oct:27-30.
Download

Scott C. Over-the-counter contraceptives & women of color: advantages & disadvantages. Collective Voices. 2009 Oct:26.
Download

Woerner A. Should the pill be offered over the counter? North by Northwestern. 2009 May 6.
Click here to access

Schwartzapfel B. Inconvenient contraception. The American Prospect. 2009 March 17.
Click here to access

Hall L. Over-the-counter pill push. The Sydney Morning Herald. 2008 February 24.
Click here to access

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Public Opinion Surveys:

Anderson KS. Poll: Young Republicans, birth control, and public policy. The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy. 2015 March.
Click here to access

Riccardi N and Agiesta J. Poll: Economy, health care eclipse social issues. The Washington Times. 2014 October 31.
Click here to access

Elkins E. Poll: 70% favor legalizing over-the-counter birth control. Reason.com. 2014 October 20.
Click here to access

Grindlay K, Foster DG, Grossman D. Attitudes toward over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives among a sample of abortion clients in the United States. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2014;46(2):83-8.
Click here to request

Grossman D, Grindlay K, Li R, Potter JE, Trussell J, Blanchard K. Interest in over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives among women in the United States. Contraception. 2013;88(4):544-52.
Click here to request

Reason.com. Reason-Rupe public opinion survey: May 2013 topline results. Reason.com. 2013 May 17.
Click here to access

Dennis A, Grossman D. Barriers to contraception and interest in over-the-counter access among low-income women: A qualitative study. Perspect Sex Reprod Health. 2012 June;44(2).
Click here to request

Grossman D, Fernández L, Hopkins K, Amastae J, Potter JE. Perceptions of the safety of oral contraceptives among a predominantly Latina population in Texas. Contraception. 2010 Mar;81:254–60.
Click here to request

Landau SC, Tapias MP, Taylor McGhee B. Birth control within reach: a national survey on women’s attitudes toward and interest in pharmacy access to hormonal contraception. Contraception. 2006;74:463-70.
Click here to request

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Conference Abstracts:

Lara D, Grossman D, Martinez G, Hernandez A, Amastae J. Use of oral contraceptives among hypertensive Latinas on the Texas-Mexico border. APHA Annual Meeting; Denver, CO; 2010 November 9: 223099.
Click here to access

Grossman D, McKinnon S, Hopkins K, Amastae J, Potter JE. Knowledge regarding oral contraceptive use, risks and benefits among clinic and pharmacy users in El Paso, Texas, and the impact of written information. APHA Annual Meeting; Philadelphia, PA; 2009 November 11: 202720.
Click here to access

Allina A, Pearson C. Making contraception easier and promoting women’s health: What is the role of the Rx requirement for the pill? APHA Annual Meeting; San Diego, CA; 2008 October 27: 184196.
Click here to access

Blanchard K, Grossman D. Safety and effectiveness of OCs: Making the case for an OTC switch. APHA Annual Meeting; San Diego, CA; 2008 October 27: 185412.
Click here to access

Grossman D, Blanchard K. Provider perspective: What do clinicians and pharmacists think about OTC provision of OCs? APHA Annual Meeting; San Diego, CA; 2008 October 27: 184687.
Click here to access

Lopez D. Bait and switch: Will over-the-counter oral contraceptives expand access and use among women of color and low-income women? APHA Annual Meeting; San Diego, CA; 2008 October 27: 183900.
Click here to access

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Presentations

Grossman D. Moving oral contraceptives over the counter; 2015 March 14.
Download

Grossman D. Oral contraceptives and conditions of safe over-the-counter use. FDA public hearing: Utilizing innovative technologies and other conditions of safe use to expand access to nonprescription drugs; Washington, DC; 2012 March 23.
Download

Blanchard K, Grossman D. Safety and effectiveness of OCs: Making the case for an OTC switch. APHA annual meeting; San Diego, CA; 2008 October 27.
Download

Grossman D, Blanchard K. Provider perspective: What do clinicians and pharmacists think about OTC provision of OCs? APHA annual meeting; San Diego, CA; 2008 October 27.
Download

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Links to Related Projects

Australian National Health Amendment (Fifth Community Pharmacy Agreement Initiatives) Bill 2011: allows pharmacists to dispense one pack of oral contraceptives to women who previously had the medication prescribed by a doctor
Click here to access

New Zealand Submission for Reclassification of Selected Oral Contraceptives: to allow supply without prescription by pharmacists
Click here to access

NHS Lambeth and Southwark pilot program: provides OCs directly in pharmacies in London
About
Final Report: Evaluation of Oral Contraception in Community Pharmacy Pilot in Southwark and Lambeth

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Professional Organization Resolutions or Policies Related to OCs OTC

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Statement on Pharmacist Prescribing Laws 2016 January 4.
Click here to access

American Academy of Family Physicians (AAFP) Resolution: The AAFP supports over-the-counter access to oral contraception without a prescription. July 2014.
Click here to access

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee Opinion No 615: Access to contraception. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2015; 125(1):250–5.
Click here to access

American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee Opinion No 544: Over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives. Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2012; 120(6): 1527-31.
Click here to access

American Medical Association Committee Resolution D-75.995: Over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives. American Medical Association. 2013.
Click here to access

American Public Health Association Policy Statement: Improving access to over-the-counter contraception by expanding insurance coverage. Policy number 20111, November 2011.
Click here to access

Women’s Health Practice and Research Network of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy Opinion Statement: McIntosh J, Rafie S, Wasik M, McBane S, Lodise NM, El-Ibiary SY, et al. Changing oral contraceptives from prescription to over-the-counter status: An opinion statement of the Women’s Health Practice and Research Network of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy. Pharmacotherapy. 2011 Apr;31(4):424-37.
Click here to access

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Other Resources

Ibis Reproductive Health. Moving the birth control pill over the counter. 2015 July.
Click here to access

Ibis Reproductive Health. Advocates’ opinions on moving oral contraceptives over the counter. 2015 May.
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Ibis Reproductive Health. A national survey of US women’s interest in over-the-counter access to oral contraceptives. 2013 June 3.
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National Latina Institute for Reproductive Health: Over-the-counter birth control will benefit Latina health. 2012 November 20.
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Grossman D. Comments to FDA on Docket No. FDA–2012–N–0171: Conditions of safe use and hormonal contraception. 2012 May 6.
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Native American Community Board. Indigenous women’s dialogue: Roundtable report on the accessibility of Plan B as an over the counter (OTC) within Indian Health Service. Native American Women’s Health Education Resource Center. 2012 February.
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US Food and Drug Association, Department of Health and Human Services. [Docket No. FDA-2012-N-0171] Notice of public hearing: Using innovative technologies and other conditions of safe use to expand which drug products can be considered nonprescription; Public Hearing.
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Reproductive Health Technologies Project. Fact Sheet: “Is there estrogen from birth control in my water?!?” Washington, DC: Reproductive Health Technologies Project. December 2010.
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Fogel SB, Reid DA. Fact Sheet: Expanding access to over-the-counter family planning drugs and supplies. Washington, DC: National Health Law Program. November 2009.
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Blanchard K. RE: Docket No. 2007N-0356 in the October 4, 2007 Federal Register (Vol 72; No 192). Comment to: FDA Division of Dockets Management (HFA-305). 2007 December 17.
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